Self-concept development and self-esteem

Self-concept development and relationship with self-esteem and creativity

Self-perception is the image about a person. It includes all the assumptions about how it is, how other people perceive it, and all its characteristics. Although it does not include value judgments but only neutral information, it has a very close relationship with self-esteem.

Self-concept helps us understand each other, define ourselves, and heal ourselves in a specific environment. Its main function is to help us compare our beliefs, thoughts, actions and feelings with others. In this way, we can check whether what we are doing is adaptive or not.

Self-concept is made up of many different dimensions. Each person values ​​more aspects of himself than others; And depending on how you look at each of them, your self-esteem will be more or less. However, all aspects of our personality, behavior and internal state are depicted in self-perception.

The concept of self-concept is most important within social and humanist psychology. It is important for a healthy self-concept to enjoy good mental health, to be satisfied with oneself and to be able to improve and solve their problems. In this article, we tell you everything about this subject.

Self-concept development and self-esteem


1. What is Self-concept ??
1.1 Characteristics
2. How does it develop?
2.1 Personalized self-concept
2.2 Social Self-concept
3. Relationship with self-esteem and creativity
4. references

What is Self-concept ?

Self-concept is the way we see ourselves. It is about the way in which we represent the way we behave such as our behavior, our emotions, our thoughts, our physical appearance or our condition.

The difference between self-concept and self-esteem can be complex to understand, as both aspects of the self are closely related. In fact, they affect each other, it is impossible to understand without each other. However, these are two separate psychological phenomena.

Thus, self-concept is simply a collection of data that we have. Self-esteem goes one step further, evaluates the information provided by self-concept and rewards or punishes us accordingly.


According to research in this regard, there are four main characteristics of self-concept. It is an acquired, dynamic, unconscious and organized psychological phenomenon. Below you will find explanation about each of them.

The first feature of self-concept is that it is acquired. This means that, even when we are born, we do not have a clear perception of how we are. Over the years, it develops very little, based on our experiences and the feedback we get from others.

In fact, the second feature accurately refers to this training process. Self-concept is dynamic; That is, all the time we can change the data we get from our environment and our internal what we think about ourselves.

On the other hand, most processes have to do with self-concept and its formation is not accessible to our consciousness. Instead, our subconscious mind is responsible for them, and therefore it is not easy to modify them at will.

Finally, our self-concept is organized; That is, our subconscious mind tries to give the same meaning to all the information that we have.

As a result, everything that does not fit with this generalized idea is often rejected, making radical changes difficult.

How does it develop?

The most accepted theory about self-concept argues that this part of our psyche has two main components, one personal and one social. Each of them is produced in a slightly different way, although the mechanisms using both are quite similar.

Personal self-concept

The first component of our self-concept is what we have to do with seeing ourselves, without any kind of environmental impact. Thus, it is made in the context of the experiences that we are having in different areas of our lives.

For example, the development of our self-concept in the field of education will remain in accordance with us during our school life. If we have good experiences, our self-concept will be that of a person who studies well, and vice versa. It happens in all areas of our existence.

A large part of our self-concept is formed during our first years, and it is usually quite complicated to change after reaching adolescence. However, if we live enough new experiences that contradict our beliefs about us, then it is possible to modify it.

Social self-concept

The second component of self-concept has nothing to do with how we think we are ourselves, but rather how we think that others perceive us.

This second component is formed according to the messages that we receive from other people throughout our lives, especially during childhood and adolescence.

Both components of self-concept are fed back continuously. However, each depends on the individual and the critical moment in which they find themselves, employees or social.

In general, the opinion we hold is very important, but there is no need to determine how we perceive ourselves.

Relationship with self-esteem and creativity

Self-concept development and self-esteem

Self-esteem and self-concept are two psychological phenomena that are closely related. The more positive thoughts we have, and the more capable we experience ourselves in areas that matter to everyone, the more our self-esteem. The same thing happens on the contrary.

The most accepted theory on this subject is that self-esteem occurs when our subconscious mind compares our self-concept to the “ideal self” that we want to achieve. The more we think that we look like him, the better it looks.

On the other hand, some research suggests that creativity will also be related to our self-concept. When a person considers himself to be creative, whether in reality or not, a psychological phenomenon occurs that allows him to innovate and create more easily.

Because of this, modifying your self-concept can be a very useful process for those who have problems with self-esteem or creativity.

There are many ways to achieve this, the main psychological therapy and experience of new experiences that challenge the idea that a person is his or her own.

The Reference

  1. “Self-concept: What is it and how is it formed?” In: Psychology and Mind. 2. Retrieved January 4, 2019, from Psychology and the Mind:
  2. “What is self-concept and how is it formed?” Retrieved January 24, 2019, from Psychopedia:
  3. “What is self-concept?” In: Positive Psychology. Retrieved January 24, 2019, from Positive Psychology:
  4. “Self-concept: dimensions, origins, functions, discrepancies, changes and stability”: Psychiatry. Psychiatry on January 24, 2019: Retrieved from
  5. “Self-concept” in: Wikipedia. Wikipedia: on 24 January 2019.

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